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Kosovo (Republic)--Literatures

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    • found: Work cat.: 90111776: Andrejević, D. Portreti kosovskih pisaca, 1988(subj. hdgs. assigned: Authors, Yugoslav--Kosovo (Republic)--Biography. Kosovo (Republic)--Literatures--History and criticism)
    • found: Britannica online, July 2, 2019(under Kosovo - Cultural life: In the late 19th century, especially after the founding of the Albanian League (the first Albanian nationalist organization; also called the League of Prizren) in 1878, a number of Albanian literary figures advocated for independence from the Ottoman Empire. However, there was relatively little written literature in the Albanian language until the 20th century. Albanian literature in Kosovo proceeded to develop differently than it did in Albania, where the communist government imposed more severe ideological constraints. Among the best-known Kosovar Albanian writers of the 20th and 21st centuries are the novelist, playwright, and poet Eqrem Basha; the poet and critic Sabri Hamiti; the poet Ali Podrimja; the scholar, novelist, and political figure Rexhep Qosja; the novelist Zejnullah Rrahmani; the poet Azem Shkreli; and the poet, doctor, and political activist Flora Brovina, who gained renown during her imprisonment by Yugoslav authorities in 1999-2000. Among Kosovar Serb writers, the 20th-century novelist and literary critic Vukašin Filipović was respected by the Albanian and Serb communities alike)
    • found: The world factbook, via WWW, July 2, 2019:Kosovo (Ethnic groups: Albanians 92.9%, Bosniaks 1.6%, Serbs 1.5%, Turk 1.1%, Ashkali 0.9%, Egyptian 0.7%, Gorani 0.6%, Romani 0.5%, other/unspecified 0.2% (2011 est.). Languages: Albanian (official) 94.5%, Bosnian 1.7%, Serbian (official) 1.6%, Turkish 1.1%, other 0.9% (includes Romani), unspecified 0.1% (2011 est.))
    • found: Wikipedia, July 2, 2019:Literature of Kosovo (The literature of Kosovo is composed of literary texts written in the Albanian, Serbian, Bosnian and Turkish language, specifically by authors of Kosovo. Kosovo produced several prominent writers in the Ottoman era. However, Ottoman authorities banned the written use of the Albanian language until 1912. This policy continued during Serb rule until the outbreak of World War II; Full Albanian-language and cultural facilities were granted by the Yugoslav constitution of 1974, and Kosovo Albanian literature and culture flourished) Minority languages of Kosovo (Since the 1999 NATO bombing of Yugoslavia, the Albanian language has become the dominant language in Kosovo, although equal status is given to Serbian and special status is given to other minority languages; the Law on the Use of Languages in 2006 committed Kosovo's institutions to ensuring the equal use of Albanian and Serbian as the official languages in Kosovo. Other languages can also gain recognition at municipal level as official languages if the linguistic community represents at least 5% of the total population within the municipality. Additionally, the Law on the Use of Languages gives Turkish the status of an official language in the municipality of Prizren, irrespective of the size of the Turkish community living there. Although both Albanian and Serbian are official languages, municipal civil servants are only required to speak one of them in a professional setting. Official: Albanian, Serbian. Minority: Bosnian, Gorani, Romany, Turkish)
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    • 2019-07-02: new
    • 2019-10-04: revised
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