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Amphetamines


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    • found: MeSH browser, July 14, 2016(Amphetamines. Scope Note: Analogs or derivatives of AMPHETAMINE. Many are sympathomimetics and central nervous system stimulators causing excitation, vasopressin, bronchodilation, and to varying degrees, anorexia, analepsis, nasal decongestion, and some smooth muscle relaxation. See Also: Appetite Depressants; Central Nervous System Stimulants; shown in MeSH tree structure under Phenethylamines)
    • found: USAN/USP.
    • found: Dorlsnd's med. dict.
    • found: University of Maryland Center for Substance Abuse Research website, July 14, 2016(Amphetamines are a group of synthetic psychoactive drugs called central nervous system (CNS) stimulants. The collective group of amphetamines includes amphetamine, dextroamphetamine, and methamphetamine. Amphetamine is made up of two distinct compounds: pure dextroamphetamine and pure levoamphetamine
    • found: Australian Drug Foundation Drug info website, July 14, 2016(Amphetamines are stimulant drugs, which means they speed up the messages travelling between the brain and the body. Some types of amphetamines are legally prescribed by doctors to treat conditions such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy (where a person has an uncontrollable urge to sleep). Other types of amphetamines such as speed are produced and sold illegally. The more potent form, crystal methamphetamine (ice), is covered in a separate fact sheet)
    • found: Newman, T. Amphetamine : uses, side effects and contraindications, via Medical news today website, last updated 18 March 2016, viewed on July 14, 2016(Amphetamines are central nervous system stimulants; Medically, amphetamine is used to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy, a disease characterized by bouts of intense, inappropriate sleepiness. To a lesser extent, amphetamine is also used in the treatment of depression and obesity; A class of drugs based on the structure of amphetamine, referred to as substituted amphetamines include methamphetamine, cathinone, ephedrine, MDMA (ecstasy) and 2,5-Dimethoxy-4-methylamphetamine (DOM). Substituted amphetamines have a wide variety of overlapping effects that broadly fit into three categories: Psychoanaleptic: drugs with an arousing effect; Hallucinogen: causing hallucinations (visual, auditory or other), perceptual anomalies; Empathogen: increased feelings of "oneness," empathy and emotional openness)
  • LC Classification

    • RC568.A45
    • RM666.A493
  • Change Notes

    • 1986-02-11: new
    • 2016-12-13: revised
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