The Library of Congress > Linked Data Service > LC Subject Headings (LCSH)

China--History--Cultural Revolution, 1966-1976


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  • Variants

    • China--History--Cultural Revolution, 1966-1969
    • Cultural Revolution, China, 1966-1976
    • Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, China, 1966-1976
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  • Earlier Established Forms

    • China--History--Cultural Revolution, 1966-1969
  • Sources

    • found: Acad. Am. encyc.(Cultural Revolution ... officially ended in 1969, many of its excesses continued until Mao's death, in 1976)
    • found: Britannica Micro.:p. 783-784 (Cultural Revolution, in full Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, Wade-Giles romanization Wu-chʻan chieh-chi wen-hua ta ke-ming, Pinyin Wuchanjieji Wenhua Dageming, upheaval launched by Chinese Communist Party chairman Mao Zedong during his last decade in power (1966-1976) ... The end of the Cultural Revolution (the Cultural Revolution was officially ended by the Eleventh Party Congress in August 1977), but it in fact concluded with Mao's death and the purge of the Gang of Four in the fall of 1976)
    • found: Butterfield, F. China, alive in the bitter sea, 1982:p. 5 (Mao launched this adventure in 1966) p. 17 (According to the People's Daily, 100 million people suffered from political harassment during the decade from 1966 to Mao's death in 1976)
    • found: Letter from Cao Shuwen, Gest Library, Princeton Univ., April 29, 1998(The dates for the Cultural Revolution should be changed to 1966-1976. Presently [the date span] 1966-1969 is only the first stage of the Cultural Revolution)
    • found: China's Cultural Revolution, 1966-1969 : not a dinner party, 1996:p. 362-372 (Chronology : January 1966 through April 1969)
    • found: Chung-kuo kung chʻan tang tzu shen chien she chʻi shih nien, 1991:p. 447 (the period of the Cultural Revolution - May 1966 to October 1976)
    • found: Gao, Y. Born Red : a chronicle of the Cultural Revolution, 1987:p. xvi-xvii (The Cultural Revolution itself was an enormously complex event--or, more precisely, series of events. Although some argue that the movement ended with the demobilization of the Red Guards and the reassertion of political order by the army in 1968-69, the official Chinese assessment now considers the Cultural Revolution to have lasted for an entire decade, 1966-76. There is merit to this view since it took the full ten years to work out all the contradictions unleashed by Mao's campaign, although the event said to mark the formal end of the Cultural Revolution--the arrest of the Gang of Four in October 1976--ironically paved the way for a complete repudiation of the movement by those now in power in Beijing)
    • found: Hei, Y. Shih nien hao chieh = The miserable ten years, 1986.
    • found: Karnow, S. Mao and China : a legacy of turmoil, 1990:p. vi (The economic reform, the Open Door policy, and the people's demand for democracy all have their roots in the traumatic events of the ten years of the Cultural Revolution (1966-1976))
    • found: Letter from Tom Tsai, Chinese Team, RCCD(1966-69 vs. 1966-1976, both dates are right, and [depends] on how you define them. Personally, I prefer to use 10 years' span to cover [the] broader period of time which includes [the] first four years of [the] Red Guards Movement and second six years of political power struggle and excesses of [the] "Gang of Four")
    • found: Tzʻu hai, 1979:p. 3520 (Cultural Revolution, 1966-1976)
    • found: White, L.T. Policies of chaos: the organizational causes of violence in China's Cultural Revolution, 1989:p. 3-4 (The CR, or Cultural Revolution, is often understood in narrow and official terms, as the peak of Party Chairman Mao Zedong's reign in China ... Some say that it started with a speech that Mao's defense minister Lin Biao gave in September 1965; others refer to an editorial that Yao Wenyuan published in October of that year. Some say the CR started with an inspirational statement by Mao himself on May 16, 1966 ... the end of the CR is even harder to pinpoint, but it is usually measured by the headlines of high politics. A Party Congress was held in 1969, after most of the random violence had subsided; and this meeting ended the Cultural Revolution, according to some. Lin Biao's power and life ended in September, 1971; if the CR is conceived as a gradual military takeover, this reversed it. Mao finally died in 1976, so that year is most often (and officially) taken as the end of the Cultural Revolution. Such a view implies Mao should be credited or blamed for the whole episode)
    • found: Yan, J. Chung-kuo "wen ko" shih nien shih = Ten years history of the Chinese Cultural Revolution, 1988.
    • found: Yan, J. Turbulent decade : a history of the Cultural Revolution, 1996:p. xi (Since its beginning in 1966 and cessation in 1976 ...)
  • LC Classification

    • DS778.7
  • Change Notes

    • 1986-02-11: new
    • 1998-06-18: revised
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