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Futuwwa (Islamic social groups)

  • URI(s)

  • Instance Of

  • Scheme Membership(s)

  • Collection Membership(s)

  • Variants

    • Fotowwa (Islamic social groups)
    • Fotowwat (Islamic social groups)
    • Futuvvat (Islamic social groups)
    • Futūwah (Islamic social groups)
    • Futuwwa (Islamic order)
    • Futuwwah (Islamic social groups)
    • Javānmardī (Islamic social groups)
  • Broader Terms

  • Closely Matching Concepts from Other Schemes

  • Earlier Established Forms

    • Futuwwa (Islamic order)
  • Sources

    • found: Work cat: 99059646: Maḥjūb, M.J. Āʾīn-i javānmardī, yā, Futuvvat, c2000:CIP added t.p., etc. (Ayin-e javanmardi Fotowwat; term roughly translated as "chivalry" and refers to the conduct, customs and code of behavior of a loosely defined social group that appeared in the Muslim Middle East in the first centuries of Islam, and over time became more systematized. Some groups leaned toward Sufism while others emphasized bravery and vigilantism, depending on time and place. In the 11th century, their "orders" resembled Sufi orders, and were organizationally similar to guilds in Iran, Iraq, Anatolia, Syria, and Egypt. After the 16th century they continued to flourish in Ottoman Turkey and Central Asia, after being curtailed by the Safavids in Iran and Iraq.)
    • found: Encyc. Islam:v. 2, p. 961 (Futuwwa: term invented in 2d/8th cent. to signify characteristics of a "young man" and customarily used to denote various movements and organizations which until the beginning of the modern era were dispersed in urban communities of the Muslim Middle East and which over the course of history have assumed diverse forms.)
    • found: Britannica:index (futuwah (Islamic soc. action))
    • found: Britannica Macro.:v. 6, p. 118 (Futuwah, social action associations; beneath the more organized forms of social action lay a more fluid kind of association, most often described by the labels ʻayyār and futūwah. These terms refer to individuals acting in concert, as needed, on the basis of certain rough-hewn concepts of proper male public behavior. Futūwah, signified groups of young men who pursued such virtues as courage, aiding the weak, generosity, endurance of suggering, love of truth, and hospitality.)
  • Change Notes

    • 1999-12-10: new
    • 2009-11-26: revised
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