The Library of Congress > Linked Data Service > LC Subject Headings (LCSH)

Mizrahim


  • URI(s)

  • Instance Of

  • Scheme Membership(s)

  • Collection Membership(s)

  • Variants

    • Afro-Asian Jews
    • ʻEdot ha-Mizraḥ
    • Edot HaMizrach
    • Edot HaMizraḥ
    • Jews, Oriental
    • Mizrahi Jews
    • Oriental Jews
  • Broader Terms

  • Closely Matching Concepts from Other Schemes

  • Narrower Concepts from Other Schemes

  • Earlier Established Forms

    • Jews, Oriental
  • Sources

    • found: Wikipedia, May 27, 2008:Mizrahi Jews (Mizrahi Jews, Mizrahim, Mizrāḥîm, Mizraḥim [in rom. and Heb.], Edot HaMizrach; Jews descended from the Jewish communities of the Middle East, North Africa, Central Asia and the Caucasus) July 20, 2016 (The term Mizrahim often encompasses Maghrebi Jews, including Sephardic who lived in North Africa (Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria and Morocco); "Mizrahi" is literally translated as "Oriental", "Eastern", מזרח (Mizraḥ), Hebrew for "east." In the past the word "Mizrahim," corresponding to the Arabic word Mashriqiyyun (Easterners), referred to the natives of Syria, Iraq and other Asian countries, as distinct from those of North Africa (Maghribiyyun). In medieval and early modern times the corresponding Hebrew word ma'arav was used for North Africa. In Talmudic and Geonic times, however, this word "ma'arav" referred to the land of Israel as contrasted with Babylonia. For this reason many object to the use of "Mizrahi" to include Moroccan and other North African Jews. The term Mizrahim or Edot Hamizraḥ, Oriental communities, grew in Israel under the circumstances of the meeting of waves of Jewish immigrants from the Europe, North Africa, Middle East and Central Asia, followers of Ashkenazi, Sephardic and Yemenite rites. In modern Israeli usage, it refers to all Jews from Central and West Asian countries, many of them Arabic-speaking Muslim-majority countries. The term came to be widely used more by Mizrahi activists in the early 1990s. Since then in Israel it has become an accepted semi-official and media designation)
    • found: Britannica online, July 20, 2016:Mizrahi Jews (Mizrahi Jews, Hebrew plural Bene Ha-Mizraḥ ("Sons of the East"), also called Oriental Jews, the approximately 1.5 million Diaspora Jews who lived for several centuries in North Africa and the Middle East and whose ancestors did not reside in either Germany or Spain. They are thus distinguished from the two other major groups of Diaspora Jews--the Ashkenazim (German rite) and the Sephardim (Spanish rite). In the Arab lands of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Yemen, Jordan, Lebanon, Iraq, and Syria, Mizrahi Jews speak Arabic as their native tongue. In Iran, Afghanistan, and Bukhara (Uzbekistan) they speak Farsi (Persian), whereas in Kurdistan (a region including parts of modern Turkey, Iraq, Iran, Syria, and Armenia) their language is a variant of ancient Aramaic. Some Mizrahi Jews migrated to India, other parts of Central Asia, and China.)
    • found: Sephardic, Ashkenazic, Mizrahi Jews - Jewish ethnic diversity, via MyJewishLearning website, July 20, 2016(Mizrahim, or Oriental Jews; Although often confused with Sephardim (because they share many religious customs), Mizrahim have a separate heritage. Mizrahi (in Hebrew, "Eastern" or "Oriental") Jews come from Middle Eastern ancestry. Their earliest communities date from Late Antiquity, and the oldest and largest of these communities were in modern Iraq (Babylonia), Iran (Persia), and Yemen. Today, most Mizrahi Jews live either in Israel or the United States. In their new homes, Mizrahim are more likely than other Jews to maintain particularly strong ties with others from their family's nation of origin. Thus, it is not uncommon to find a specifically Persian or Bukharan synagogue. Likewise, Mizrahim are not united by a single Jewish language; each subgroup spoke its own tongue.)
    • found: 2004548415: Halevy, Y. Be-sod yaḥid ṿe-ʻedah : masoret hitḥadshut u-veśorah ba-sifrut ha-ʻIvrit shel bene ha-Mizraḥ, 2003:t.p. verso (Tradition and renewal in Hebrew literature written by Oriental authors)
    • found: 2007552384: Hagadah shel Pesaḥ Shaʻare Tsiyon : lefi minhage ha-Sefaradim bene-ʻedot ha-Mizraḥ, 2005 or 2006.
    • found: 2011407007: Maḥzor ʻAvodat ha-ḳodesh le-ḥag ha-Pesaḥ : ke-minhag ha-Sefaradim u-bene ʻedot ha-Mizraḥ be-tosefet kaṿanot u-minhage ha-Arizal ṿe-rabenu ... 2009 or 2010.
    • found: 94830180: Shṭal, A. Leshonam shel bene ʻadot ha-Mizraḥ : ha-hevdelim ha-leshoniyim ben bene tarbut ha-Mizraḥ u-vene tarbut Eropah, 1966 or 1967.
  • Change Notes

    • 1986-02-11: new
    • 2016-10-18: revised
  • Alternate Formats

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