Earlier Established Forms
- found: Dickson experimental sound film, 1895 (Experimental sound film made for Edison's kinetophone)
- found: Merriam-Webster, viewed online July 30, 2012: (Kinetophone; a machine combining a Kinetoscope and a phonograph synchronized so as to produce the illusion of motion in a scene with accompanying sounds)
- found: Encyl. Britannica, viewed online July 30, 2012: The pre-World War II sound era page (Edison commissioned the Kinetograph to provide visual images for his phonograph, and William Dickson synchronized the two machines in a device briefly marketed in the 1890s as the Kinetophone)
- found: Library of Congress WWW site, Inventing entertainment exhibit, viewed July 30, 2012 The marriage of sight and sound page (By the spring of 1895, Edison was offering Kinetophones--Kinetoscopes with phonographs inside their cabinets. The viewer would look into the peep-holes of the Kinetoscope to watch the motion picture while listening to the accompanying phonograph through two rubber ear tubes connected to the machine)
- found: Wikipedia WWW site, viewed July 30, 2012: (Kinetophone; aka Phonokinetoscope; a Kinetoscope whose modified cabinet included an accompanying cylinder phonograph)
- found: Dickson, A. Edison's invention of the kineto-phonograph, 1939: (kineto-phonograph)
- found: Dickson, W. History of the kinetograph, kinetoscope, & kinetophonograph), 1970, c1895: (kinetophonograph)
- 1986-02-11: new
- 2012-10-10: revised
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