- Seed plants
- found: Jackson, B.D. A glossary of botanic terms with their derivation and accent, 1928 (spermaphytes, used to include both angiosperms and gymnosperms; all plants except cryptogams)
- found: Swartz, D. Collegiate dictionary of botany, 1971 (spermaphyte: one of the Spermatophyta, one of the great divisions of the plant kingdom including all seed-producing plants)
- found: Wikipedia, Nov. 8, 2010: Spermatophyte (The spermatophytes (also known as phanerogams) comprise those plants that produce seeds. They are a subset of the embryophytes or land plants. The living spermatophytes form five groups: cycads; Ginkgo; conifers; gnetophytes, woody plants in the genera Gnetum, Welwitschia, and Ephedra; and angiosperms, the flowering plants)
- 2003-08-21: new
- 2011-02-17: revised
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