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Rainier, Mount (Wash.)

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  • Variants

    • Harrison, Mount (Wash.)
    • Lincoln, Mount (Pierce County, Wash.)
    • Mount Harrison (Wash.)
    • Mount Lincoln (Pierce County, Wash.)
    • Mount Rainier (Wash.)
    • Mount Tacoma (Wash.)
    • Mount Tahoma (Wash.)
    • Mount William Henry Harrison (Wash.)
    • Puak-cokc (Wash.)
    • Ta-co-be (Wash.)
    • Ta-co-pe (Wash.)
    • Ta-ho-ma (Wash.)
    • Tacoba (Wash.)
    • Tacobet (Wash.)
    • Tacoma, Mount (Wash.)
    • Tah-ho-mab (Wash.)
    • Tah-o-mah (Wash.)
    • Tahoma, Mount (Wash.)
    • Ttiwouk (Wash.)
    • Tu-ahku (Wash.)
    • William Henry Harrison, Mount (Wash.)
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  • Sources

    • found: Work cat.: Island in the sky : pioneering accounts of Mt. Rainier, 1833-1894, 1987.
    • found: BGN, Oct. 1, 1986(Mount Rainier, Washington State, 46⁰51ʹ10ʺN, 121⁰45ʹ31ʺW)
    • found: Lippincott.
    • found: Web. geog.
    • found: Rand McNally.
    • found:, Dec. 7, 2004(Mount Rainier, Washington, Pierce Co. Alternate Name(s): Mount Tahoma, Mount Tacoma. Highest Summit: Columbia Crest. Subpeaks: Point Success (14,158 ft/4315 m), Liberty Cap (14,112 ft/4301 m), Steamboat Prow (9720 ft/2963 m), Whitman Crest (9323 ft/2842 m), K Spire (8886 ft/2708 m), Mount Ruth (8690 ft/2649 m). Peak Type: Volcano. 46⁰51ʹN 121⁰46ʹW). Cascade Range (Highest Point), Southern Washington Cascade Range (Highest Point), Mount Rainier Area (Highest Point), Mount Rainier Massif (Highest Point))
    • found: Washington place names, via WWW, Dec. 7, 2004(Mount Rainier with an elevation of 14,411.1 feet is the highest mountain in the state. It is in the center of Mount Rainier National Park bordered on the north and west by Pierce County, on the south by Lewis County, and on the east by the crest of the Cascade Mountains. More names have been used or suggested for this lofty mountain than for almost any other geographical feature in the state. The present official name was given in 1792 by Capt. George Vancouver, to honor Rear-Admiral Peter Rainier of the Royal Navy. Tacoma citizens fought vigorously for years to return the name to Tacoma or Tahoma which many staunch Tacoma citizens believe was the original Indian name. Other Indian names include Tu-ahku, Puak-cokc, Ta-co-be and Ta-co-pe. Hall J. Kelley tried to have it included in his President's Range as Mt. Willian [i.e. William] Henry Harrison. In 1920, the Grand Army of the Republic campaigned to rename it Mt. Lincoln. The present name was approved by the U. S. Board on Geographic Names, following extensive public hearings in 1917.)
    • found: Mount Tacoma (aka Mt. Tahoma), via WWW, Dec. 7, 2004:The name of Mount Rainier ("... General Kautz, who in 1857, had attempted to climb the peak and who had been among the Indians of the Northwest for some time before that. He testified that he had found the name to be, in the Indian tongue, 'Tahoma' or 'Tacobet.' Lieutenant Van Ogle, who had fought through the Indian war, said that the Indians called it 'Tahoma,' though one old chief who in early days had taught him the Chinook jargon called it 'Tacobet.' Jack Simmons, an Indian, asserted that all the Sound Indians called it 'Tacobet,' but that 'Tacoma' was about as close as the whites could get to the pronunciation ... A letter from James G. Swan, a well known student and writer, said the Nisqually and Puyallup word was 'Ta - ho - ma,' or 'Tah - o - mah' ... P.B. Van Trump was quoted as having said that Sluiskin, who guided him and General Stevens to the mountain in 1870, called it 'Tah - ho - mab,' pronounced with great awe and reverence ... Another witness was Jacob Kershner, who had come to the Sound in 1849 as a soldier, and who knew the Indian language very well. He said the Indian name for the mountain was 'Tacoba.' The fact that the Indians interchanged 'B' and 'M' gave the whites difficulty in learning many Indian words ... Peter Stanup, a well known Indian preacher, helped the investigation along. In the following May he was drowned in the Puyallup River. He said the mountain sometimes was known as 'Ttiwouk.' ... Even as far back as the early '90s some attempts at compromise were made, and the name 'Mount Harrison,' after President Harrison, had some vogue.")
    • found: GeoNames [algorithmically matched]summit; 46°51ʹ10ʺN 121°45ʹ37ʺW
  • Change Notes

    • 2004-12-07: new
    • 2011-06-04: revised
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