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Bibframe Work

Title
Travail Travail. English
Type
Text
Language
English
English
original (fre)
English
Translation of "Le travail : un marché pas comme les autres" published in French in 2006 by the Presses universitaires de Rennes
Illustrative Content
illustrations
Classification
LCC: HD5706 .V4713 2014 (Source: dlc)
DDC: 331 full
Identified By
Lccn: 2014453199
Content
still image (Source: rdacontent)
text (Source: rdacontent)
Note
Includes translation
Table Of Contents
Machine generated contents note: 1.The "Social Question" since the 19th Century
Introduction
1.An evidently asymmetrical power relationship
1.1.An asymmetry already acknowledged by Adam Smith
1.2.A contemporary manifestation of asymmetry: stress and harassment at work
1.3.An asymmetry that lawmakers and jurists have had to acknowledge
1.3.1.The contract of engagement of service or the fiction of free will
1.3.2.The distinction between dependent and independent labour
1.3.3.The nature of the employment contract: a relation of subordination by which an employee "r;exchanges a freedom against a security"r;
1.3.4.Labour law: the employer's de facto power within a legal framework
2.The recurrence of economic crises during the industrial era
2.1.Crises of short duration
2.2.Long-term fluctuations
3.Working time and wages during a long cycle
Contents note continued: 3.1.The extension of working time at the beginning of the Industrial Revolution
3.2.The irregular division of gains in productivity between income and leisure
4.Workers' claims
4.1.A dominant theme: higher wages
4.2.The "r;special"r; place occupied by the reduction of working time
4.3.The goals targeted by the reduction of working time
4.4.Opposition from the employers
4.5.The criticisms made by economists of the reasoning of the Labour Movement
4.6.The will to change society
5.Public intervention in the market
5.1.The dawn of specific labour laws (before 1914)
5.1.1.The limitation of working time
5.1.2.From civil equality to the right of coalition
5.1.3.The State intervenes at last but with shortcomings
5.2.From the State as "r;simple arbiter"r; to the State as "r;orchestrator"r; (after 1914)
Contents note continued: 5.2.1.From the goal of reducing working time to the establishment of a minimum wage
5.2.2.The decisive recognition given to collective bargaining
5.2.3.The recognition of the major principles
5.2.4.Strong imbrication between legal and contractual procedures
5.3.Regulations governing working time today in France
5.3.1.Part-time work
5.3.2.Overtime
Conclusion: erroneous and fallacious reasoning?
2.The Neoclassical Model of the Labour Market
Introduction
1.The theory of labour supply
1.1.The hypothesis of optimal choice
1.1.1.The equalisation of the marginal utility and disutility of labour
1.1.2.The labour/leisure trade-off model
1.2.The individual labour supply curve
1.3.The interpretation of the historical evolution of working time
1.4.Global labour supply on the market
2.The theory of labour demand
2.1.Labour demand of a competing company
2.1.1.The case where labour is the only variable factor
Contents note continued: 2.1.2.The case where labour is linked to other variable factors
2.2.The global demand for labour on the market
3.The equilibrium of the labour market, its modifications and distortions
4.The relaxation of the hypotheses underlying the basic neoclassical model
4.1.The different hypotheses brought into question
4.2.Wage negotiation models
Conclusion: unconvincing models of the labour market
3.The Asymmetry of Bargaining Power
Introduction
1.The consequences of this asymmetry of power on labour supply
1.1.Labour supply and its situation of dependence
1.2.Individual labour supply when an employer decides to modify its duration
1.3.Global salaried labour supply in a situation of dependence
1.4.Comparison with other markets characterised by asymmetries of power
2.A deeper appreciation of labour demand
2.1.Long-run demand for labour by a company
2.2.Demand for employees by a company
Contents note continued: 2.3.Long-run labour demand on the market
3.Equilibrium and disequilibrium of the labour market in a situation of asymmetric power
3.1.Maximising profits by extending working time
3.2.Maximising profits by not channelling gains in productivity into the wage rate
3.3.Crises of overproduction/underconsumption (or overinvestment)
4.The "r;rigidity"r; of the real wage rate
Conclusion: a social history that becomes intelligible over short periods
4.The Dual Impact of Technical Progress
Introduction
1.The apparent contradiction between short- and long-run consumption functions
1.1.The Keynesian hypothesis of the concavity of the short-run consumption function
1.2.The linearity of the long-run consumption function
1.3.The wrong answers of this contradiction
1.3.1.Post-Keynesian reformulations
1.3.2.Permanent income and life cycle theories
2.The specific role of innovations in consumer goods
Contents note continued: 2.1.The effect of these innovations on the consumption utility function
2.2.The effect of these innovations on the trade-off between consumption and saving
2.3.Other determinants of consumption behaviour
2.3.1.The variation of the production-consumption of public goods
2.3.2.The structure of income distribution in society
2.3.3.The value of assets
2.3.4.Real interest rates
2.3.5.Factors of uncertainty
2.3.6.Demographic factors
2.3.7.Natural and cultural factors
2.3.8.Available free time
3.The relative effects of technical progress on growth and the use of factors
3.1.Interaction between the behaviours of production and those of consumption
3.2.The Implications for the theory of growth
3.3.Specific implications for labour
4.The irregularity of growth
4.1.Juglar cycles
4.1.1.The role of innovations
4.1.2.The scenario of short-run business cycles
4.2.Kondratieff waves or supercycles
Contents note continued: 5.Comparing the facts
5.1.The beginnings of the Industrial Revolution
5.2.The Post-War Boom and its demise
5.3.Working time and Malthusianism
5.4.The pseudo explanations for mass unemployment
Conclusion: a social history that becomes intelligible over a long period
5.The Normative Implications for Labour Policies
Introduction
1.The combat against unemployment
1.1.Short-term unemployment
1.1.1.Prevention
1.1.2.Absorbing existing unemployment
1.2.Long-term unemployment
1.2.1.Prevention
1.2.2.The absorption of existing unemployment
2.The effects of neoconservative economic policies confronted by long-term unemployment
2.1.Labour is a homogeneous factor: the return of short (or average) run cyclic crises
2.2.Labour is a heterogeneous factor: the aggravation of income inequality
3.The effects of increasing employment in the public sector
Conclusion: equal sharing of added value and labour demand
Contents note continued: 6.Is a Synthesis of Economic Theories Possible?
1.The neoclassical approach: the main fault
2.The Keynesian approach: an unfinished critique
3.The Marxian approach: an unfortunate isolation
4.The Schumpeterian approach: belated recognition
General Conclusion
Notes
References
Economic and social history
Political and historical economics of economic thinking
Economics of labour
Economics of growth.
Authorized Access Point
Vercherand, Jean, Travail. English
Authorized Access Point Variant
Hodson, Keith, Travail. English