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Royallieu (Transit camp)


  • URI(s)

  • Variants

    • Royallieu (Concentration camp)
    • Compiègne (Concentration camp)
    • Royallieu-Compiègne (Transit camp)
    • Camp de Royallieu (Transit camp)
    • Kompʹenskiĭ (Transit camp)
  • Identifies LC/NAF RWO

  • Identifies RWO

      • Use For

      • Exact Matching Concepts from Other Schemes

      • Closely Matching Concepts from Other Schemes

      • Earlier Established Forms

        • Royallieu (Concentration camp)
      • Sources

        • found: Le camp juif de Royallieu-Compiègne, 1941-1943, c2007:t.p. (Royallieu)
        • found: In the shadows of Paris, 2021:CIP galley (Royallieu-Compiègne camp; Compiègne; camp at Royallieu, an enclave of Compiègne; was the third concentration camp opened in France; prisoners were divided into four camps: Camp A held French political prisoners; Camp B held Russians arrested in France; Camp C was the "Jewish Camp"; the American camp was a fourth camp formed after the United States entered the war)
        • found: Holocaust Encyclopedia database, viewed June 1, 2021:Key dates (Royallieu; German authorities open a police detention camp in Compiègne, France on Aug. 28, 1941; initially a prisoner-of-war camp; served as a transit camp for French and Jewish intellectuals and political prisoners; prisoners deported to Buchenwald and Dachau or to Auschwitz via Drancy)
        • found: Memorial to Internment and Deportation, viewed June 1, 2021:The Memorial - Camp de Royallieu > Presentation (Royallieu Camp; Royallieu camp in Compiègne; Royallieu barracks was transformed by the German army into one of the main transit camps in France, 1941 to 1944)
        • found: Memorial museums website, viewed June 1, 2021:Compiègne (Camp de Royallieu; at the end of June 1940, the Wehrmacht confiscated the Royallieu-Compiègne barracks complex and interned French and British prisoners of war; a camp was set up on the site in June 1941; between 1941 and 1944, it imprisoned resistance fighters, British and Russian internees, and Jews residing in France; people were deported from the Royallieu-Compiègne camp to Auschwitz and other camps on German territory)
        • found: Témoignage d'un interne juif des camps de Drancy et de Compiègne (août 1941-mars 1942), 1996-1997.
        • found: Das Nationalsozialistische Lagersystem, 1990:p. 62 (under France: Compiegne) p. 810 (Compiègne)
        • found: Verzeichnis der Haftstätten unter dem Reichsführer-SS (1933-1945), 1979:p. 630 (Compiegne)
        • found: Vospominanii︠a︡ o Kompʹenskom lagere, 1941-1942, 2009.
      • Instance Of

      • Scheme Membership(s)

      • Collection Membership(s)

      • Change Notes

        • 2008-09-02: new
        • 2021-06-28: revised
      • Alternate Formats