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Túpac Amaru, José Gabriel, 1738-1781


  • URI(s)

  • Instance Of

  • Scheme Membership(s)

  • Collection Membership(s)

  • Variants

    • Amaru, José Gabriel Túpac, 1738-1781
    • Condorcanki Noguera, José Gabriel, 1738-1781
    • Condorcanqui, José Gabriel, 1738-1781
    • Condorcanqui y Noguera, José Gabriel, 1738-1781
    • Quivicanqui, José Gabriel, 1738-1781
    • Quibi Canqui, José Gabriel, 1738-1781
    • Canqui, José Gabriel Quibi, 1738-1781
    • Noguera, José Gabriel Condorcanqui y, 1738-1781
    • Thupa Amaro, 1738-1781
    • Túpac Amaru, 1738-1781
    • Tupac-Amaru, José Gabriel, d. 1781
    • Tupac-Amaru, José Gabriel, originally Condorcanqui, d. 1781
    • Tupac-Amaru, José Gabriel, 1738?-1781
    • Túpaj Amaru II, 1738-1781
    • Túpak Amaru, 1738-1781
    • Tupac-Amaru, José Gabriel, 1742-1781
  • Additional Information

    • Birth Date

        1738-03-10
    • Death Date

        1781-05-18
    • Birth Place

        Surimana (Peru)
    • Associated Locale

        Cuzco (Peru)
    • Associated Language

        Quechua
    • Associated Language

        Spanish
    • Occupation

        Inca revolutionary leader
    • Exact Matching Concepts from Other Schemes

    • Closely Matching Concepts from Other Schemes

    • Earlier Established Forms

      • Tupac-Amaru, José Gabriel, 1738?-1781
      • Tupac-Amaru, José Gabriel, 1742-1781
      • Tupac-Amaru, José Gabriel, d. 1781
      • Tupac-Amaru, José Gabriel, originally Condorcanqui, d. 1781
    • Sources

      • found: Sozina, S. A. Tupak Amaru--velikiĭ indeĭskiĭ povstanet︠s︡, 1738-1781, 1979:t.p. (Tupak Amaru)
      • found: Caranci, C.A. Túpac Amaru, 1987:p. 8 (José Gabriel Condorcanki Noguera; b. Surimana, prov. of Tinta)
      • found: Real Academia de la Historia (Spain) website, November 21, 2022:(José Gabriel Condorcanqui; José Gabriel Túpac Amaru; Túpac Amaru II of Surimana (Tinta, current province of Canchis) (Perú); born March 10, 1738 in Cuzco (Perú); died May 18. 1781; cacique and Peruvian indigenous leader; direct descendient of the last Inca emperor, Felipe Túpac Amaru, who was executed in 1572 by order of viceroy of Toledo; parents were Miguel Condorcanqui del Camino and mestiza Rosa Noguera Valenzuela; married Micaela Bastidas Puyucawa (1745-1781) on May 25, 1760 and they had three sons: Hipólito (1761-1781), Mariano (1762-1784), and Fernando (1768-1798)) - https://dbe.rah.es/biografias/15298/jose-gabriel-condorcanqui
      • found: Enciclopedia universal ilustrada europeo-americana, 1929:volume 65 page 126 (Tupac-Amaru; born between 1740-1742; died May 18, 1782 in Cuzco)
      • found: Biografías y vidas website, July 26, 2017:(José Gabriel Condorcanqui or Quivicanqui; born 1738 in Surimana; died 1781 in Cuzco) - https://www.biografiasyvidas.com/biografia/t/tupac_amaru.htm
      • found: Diccionario Histórico y Biográfico del Perú, 1986:volume 9, pages 87-91 (José Gabriel Túpac Amaru Inca; born March 19, 1738 in Surimana; died May 18, 1781 in Cuzco)
      • found: Enciclopedia ilustrada del Perú, 1988:volume 6, page 6 (José Gabriel Túpac Amaru; born March 19, 1741 in Surimana; died May 18, 1781 in Cuzco)
      • found: Encyclopedia of Latin American history and culture, 1996:volume 5 (José Gabriel Condorcanqui Túpac Amaru; born March 1738 Surimana, Canas y Canchis (Tinta); died May 18, 1781; the most famous leader and martyr of the Great Andean Rebellion of 1780-1783; son of Miguel Condorcanqui and Rosa Noguera and a descendant of Inca Túpac Amaru; in 1760 he married Micaela Bastidas Puyucahua, and they had three sons: Hipólito, Mariano, and Fernando; Encyclopedia.com's source is the Encyclopedia of Latin American history and culture) - https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/tupac-amaru-jose-gabriel-condorcanqui-1738-1781
      • found: Diccionario Histórico Biográfico del Perú, 1935:volume 11, page 31, etc. (José Gabriel Condorcanqui (or Quibi Canqui) Túpac Amaru; born between 1740 and 1742)
      • found: Encyclopedia Britannica website, November 21, 2022:(José Gabriel Condorcanqui; born 1740-42? in Peru; died May 18, 1781, Cuzco;Túpac Amaru II; Peruvian Indian revolutionary; descendant of the last Inca ruler, Túpac Amaru, with whom he was identified when he led the Peruvian peasants in an unsuccessful rebellion against Spanish rule; cacique (hereditary chief) in the Tinta region of southern Peru; he received a formal Jesuit education but maintained his identification with the Indian population; in 1780 he arrested and executed the corregidor (provincial administrator), Antonio Arriaga, on charges of cruelty; this act led to the last general Indian rebellion against Spain, at first with the support of some Creoles (Spaniards born in America); the revolt, which spread throughout southern Peru and into Bolivia and Argentina, lost this support, however, when it became a violent battle between Indians and Europeans; Túpac Amaru II and his family were captured in March 1781 and taken to Cuzco; after being forced to witness the execution of his wife and sons, he was mutilated, drawn and quartered, and beheaded; the revolution continued until the Spanish government issued a general pardon of the insurgents) - https://www.britannica.com/biography/Tupac-Amaru-II
      • found: La República (newspaper) (Lima, Perú) website, November 21, 2022:posted on November 5, 2022 (José Gabriel Condorcanqui; José Gabriel Condorcanqui Noguera; curaca [principal governor of a province or a communal authority in the Tawantinsuyu and was an official of the Inca Empire who held the role of magistrate, about 4 levels down from the Sapa Inca, the head of the Empire] of Surimana, Tungasuca y Pampamarca; he adopted the name of Tupac Amaru II and led the indigenous revolution of tbe colonial period against tbe mistreatment of the indigenous people received by the Spanish conquistadors; wife was Micaela Bastidas Puyucahua (Micaela Bastidas); sons were Fernando Túpac (died at the age of 29 in August 1799; Fernando Túpac Amaru-Condorcanqui Bastidas), Hipólito Túpac, and Mariano Túpac) - https://larepublica.pe/datos-lr/respuestas/2022/08/17/fernando-tupac-amaru-bastidas-fernando-tupac-el-hijo-menor-de-tupac-amaru-ii-que-sufrio-las-peores-vejaciones-a-causa-de-los-espanoles-evat/
      • found: Este cautiverio y agonía sin fin, 2018:title page (Fernando Túpac Amaru Bastidas) page 5 (born April 3, 1764 in Cuzco [page is a facsimile of Fernando's original work]) page 9 (Fernandito Túpac Amaru) page 11 (died August 1799 at the age of 31) cover page 4 (born April 3, 1769 in Cuzco; died August 19, 1769 in Madrid at the age of 29; father was José Gabriel Túpac Amaru II (died May 18, 1781 in Cuzco) and Micaela Bastidas)
      • found: La República (newspaper) (Lima, Perú) website, November 21, 2022:posted on November 5, 2022 (José Gabriel Condorcanqui; José Gabriel Condorcanqui Noguera; curaca [principal governor of a province or a communal authority in the Tawantinsuyu and was an official of the Inca Empire who held the role of magistrate, about 4 levels down from the Sapa Inca, the head of the Empire] of Surimana, Tungasuca y Pampamarca; he adopted the name of Tupac Amaru II and led the indigenous revolution of tbe colonial period against tbe mistreatment of the indigenous people received by the Spanish conquistadors; wife was Micaela Bastidas Puyucahua (Micaela Bastidas); sons were Fernando Túpac (died at the age of 29 in August 1799; Fernando Túpac Amaru-Condorcanqui Bastidas), Hipólito Túpac, and Mariano Túpac) - https://larepublica.pe/datos-lr/respuestas/2022/08/17/fernando-tupac-amaru-bastidas-fernando-tupac-el-hijo-menor-de-tupac-amaru-ii-que-sufrio-las-peores-vejaciones-a-causa-de-los-espanoles-evat/
    • Editorial Notes

      • [Husband of: Bastidas, Micaela, 1745-1781 (n 81125935)]
      • [Father of: Túpac Amaru, Mariano, 1762-1784 (n 85239958)]
      • [Father of: Túpac Amaru Bastidas, Fernando, 1764-1799 (no2012091330)]
    • Change Notes

      • 1980-09-23: new
      • 2022-11-21: revised
    • Alternate Formats