The Library of Congress > Linked Data Service > LC Name Authority File (LCNAF)

Martini, Francesco di Giorgio, 1439-1502


  • URI(s)

  • Instance Of

  • Scheme Membership(s)

  • Collection Membership(s)

  • Fuller Name

    • Francesco Maurizio di Giorgio
  • Variants

    • Giorgio, Francesco di, 1439-1502
    • Di Giorgio, Francesco, 1439-1502
    • Di Giorgio Martini, Francesco, 1439-1502
    • Giorgio Martini, Francesco di, 1439-1502
    • Di Giorgio, Francesco Maurizio, 1439-1502
    • Francesco di Giorgio, 1439-1502
    • Martino, Francesco Maurizio di Giorgio di, 1439-1502
    • Di Martino, Francesco Maurizio di Giorgio, 1439-1502
    • Martino, Franciescho Maurizio di Giorgio di, 1439-1502
  • Additional Information

    • Birth Date

        (edtf) 1439
    • Birth Date

        (edtf) 1439-09-23Martini, Francesco di Giorgio. Trattato di architettura, 1979-1994: volume 1, pages vii-viii
    • Birth Date

        (edtf) [..1439-09-23]Oxford art online, 11 October 2019
    • Birth Date

        (edtf) [..1439-09-23]Wikipedia, 17 October 2019
    • Death Date

        (edtf) 1502
    • Death Date

        (edtf) 1501-11Martini, Francesco di Giorgio. Trattato di architettura, 1979-1994: volume 1, pages vii-viii
    • Death Date

        (edtf) [..1501-11-29]Oxford art online, 11 October 2019
    • Death Date

        (edtf) [1501, 1502]Wikipedia, 17 October 2019
    • Has Affiliation

    • Birth Place

        Siena (Italy)
    • Death Place

        Siena (City-state)
    • Associated Locale

        Siena (City-state)
    • Associated Locale

        Italy
    • Associated Locale

        Siena (Italy)
    • Associated Locale

        Urbino (Italy)
    • Associated Locale

        Urbino (Duchy)
    • Associated Locale

        Milan (Italy)
    • Associated Locale

        Florence (Italy)
    • Associated Locale

        Naples (Kingdom)
    • Death Place

        San Giorgio a Papaiano (Italy)
    • Associated Locale

        San Giorgio a Papaiano (Italy)
    • Gender

        Males
    • Associated Language

        Italian
    • Field of Activity

    • Occupation

  • Use For

    • n87877179
  • Related Terms

  • Additional Related Forms

  • Exact Matching Concepts from Other Schemes

  • Closely Matching Concepts from Other Schemes

  • Earlier Established Forms

    • Giorgio, Francesco di, 1439-1502
  • Sources

    • found: Fiore, F. P. Città e macchine ... 1978 (a.e.)t.p. (Francesco di Giorgio Martini) p. 10 (15th century sculptor and architect)
    • found: GEV, 1968:v. 10 (Martini, Francesco di Giorgio; b. 1439, Siena; d. 1502)
    • found: Encic. ital.(Martini, Francesco di Giorgio; b. 1439 & d. 1502)
    • found: Martini, Francesco di Giorgio. Trattato di architettura, 1979-1994:volume 1, title page (Trattato di architettura; di Francesco di Giorgio Martini) volume 1, pages vii-ix (Francesco Maurizio di Giorgio di Martino, "pollaiolo" ("poulterer"), commoner; Francesco di Giorgio; Francesco; born in Siena 23 September 1439; in 1464, sculpted relief of Santo Giovanni for parish church of Fogliano; 1469-1470, worked on restoration of acqueducts that fed fountains of Siena; 1472-1475, painted, in youth, best known as painter; also sculptor, hydraulic expert, engineer, military technician, architect; writer of systematic treatises on buildings, machines, military art; earned appellation "Leonardo senese" (Sienese Leonardo); by November 1477, was in Urbino in service of duca Federico da Montefeltro, working on ducal palace, cathedral, fortifications, other buildings, accumulating practical experience in military architecture, mixing in technical, diplomatic, and mercantile duties; alternated Urbino works with architectural works commissioned by native comune; repeated stays in Kingdom of Naples; died in homeland November 1501; manuscript works: small autographed notebook of drawings; Opusculum de architectura; Trattato: unsigned treatise, which Francesco called almost par excellence his "libro" (2 distinct versions survive))
    • found: Oxford art online, 11 October 2019(Francesco (Maurizio) di Giorgio Martini (Pollaiolo) (Francesco di Giorgio); b. Siena, bapt. Sept 23, 1439; d. Siena, bur. Nov 29, 1501; Italian architect, engineer, painter, illuminator, sculptor, medallist, theorist, and writer; activities as diplomat led to employment at courts of Naples, Milan, and Urbino, as well as in Siena; most paintings and miniatures before 1475; as painter, Neroccio de' Landi moved in same artistic circles from 1469, worked with him until 1474; by 1480s and 1490s, Francesco among leading architects in Italy, particularly as military architect; palace and church architecture influential in spreading the Urbino style; his theoretical works, which include first important Western writings on military engineering, not published until modern times but keenly studied in manuscript, by Leonardo da Vinci among others, foreshadowed developments that came to fruition in 16th century; possibly apprenticed to painter Francesco di Bartolomeo Alfei; generally thought (although undocumented) to have studied with painter, sculptor il Vecchietta; 1st professional involvement with building was in civil engineering: subterranean conduits for city water supply; living in Urbino from at least 1476; around 1477, Opusculum, codex illustrated with drawings of machines and fortresses, dedicated to Federigo da Montefeltro, Duke of Urbino; worked on numerous fortifications of duchy of Montefeltro; multiple architectural works in Urbino, including Palazzo ducale and new cathedral; in 1486, bought farm near Urbino; also projects in Siena, returned to Siena ca. 1486-1488; from 1490, was sought for projects and consultations all over Italy, including Milan, Florence, and Naples; The Trattati, title conventionally given to Francesco di Giorgio's collected writings: essays on role of architect in relation to new Renaissance interests in techniques and ancient buildings)
    • found: Toledano, Ralph. Francesco di Giorgio Martini, 1987:title page (Francesco di Giorgio Martini) page 9 (Francesco di Giorgio) page 156 (Franciescho Maurizio di Giorgio di Martino; birth 23 September 1439) page 158 (buried 29 November 1501?)
    • found: Wikipedia, 17 October 2019(Francesco di Giorgio Martini (1439-1501); Francesco Maurizio di Giorgio di Martino; Italian architect, engineer, painter, sculptor, and writer; baptized September 23, 1439; in early years, Di Giorgio shared studio, artistic partnership with Neroccio di Bartolomeo de' Landi; from 1486, official city engineer for Siena; died at age 62 outside Siena in 1501 or early 1502, having retired to the countryside mid-1501)
    • found: Scaglia, Gustina. Francesco di Giorgio, 1992:title page (Francesco di Giorgio) page 13 (1439-1501; 1501, permission to live on his property outside Siena in Comune of San Giorgio a Pappaiano, also called Volta a Fighille) page 155 (Francesco and Leonardo da Vinci met in Milan in 1490, traveled together to Pavia, working on structural questions)
    • found: Treccani website, 30 October 2019:Enciclopedia: Francesco di Giorgio di Martino (from Dizionario biografico degli Italiani - Volume 49 (1997): Francesco di Giorgio di Martino (Francesco Maurizio di Giorgio Martini); baptised 23 September 1439; died 1501 on his property Volta a Fighille, near San Giorgio a Papaiano; buried in Siena, in chiesa dell'Osservanza, 29 November; his treatises: text in vernacular [Italian]) - http://www.treccani.it/enciclopedia/francesco-di-giorgio-di-martino_(Dizionario-Biografico)
    • found: Wikidata, 29 October 2019(Francesco di Giorgio Martini (Q434425); description: Italian Renaissance Architectural, sculptor and painter (1439-1502); sex or gender: male; date of birth: 23 September 1439; date of death: 29 November 1502; place of death: Siena; movement: Sienese school) - http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q434425
  • Change Notes

    • 1978-10-17: new
    • 2019-10-31: revised
  • Alternate Formats