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Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu (China)


  • URI(s)

  • Instance Of

  • Scheme Membership(s)

  • Collection Membership(s)

  • Variants

    • 新疆维吾尔自治区 (China)
    • Xinjiang Weiwu'er Zizhiqu (China)
    • Hsin-chiang Wei-wu-erh tzu chih chʻü (China)
    • Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (China)
    • Autonomes Gebiet Xinjiang der Uiguren (China)
    • Xinjiang Uigur Autonomous Region (China)
    • XUAR (China)
    • East Turkestan (China)
    • Chinese Turkestan (China)
    • Turkistān al-Sharqīyah (China)
    • Sinčhīang (China : Autonomous region)
    • Khēt Kānpokkhrō̜ngtonʻēng Sinčhīang ʻUikū (China)
    • Sinʹt︠s︡zi︠a︡nskiĭ uĭgurskiĭ avtonomnyĭ raĭon (China)
    • Sinʹt︠s︡zi︠a︡n-uĭgurskiĭ avtonomnyĭ raĭon (China)
    • Sinʹt︠s︡zi︠a︡n-uĭgurskiĭ avtonomnyĭ raĭon KNP (China)
    • Sinʹt︠s︡zi︠a︡n (China)
    • Xin Jiang Uygur Autonomous Region (China)
    • Sinkiang Uigur Autonomous Region (China)
    • Shinkyō Uiguru Jichiku (China)
    • Hsin-chiang (China : Autonomous region)
    • Xinjiang (China : Autonomous region)
    • Shyn︠g︡zhan︠g︡ (China : Autonomous region)
    • Uyghur Autonomous Region (China)
    • Sinkiang Uighur Autonomous Region (China)
    • Uygur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang (China)
    • Xinjiang weiwu'er zizhiqu ren min zheng fu (China)
    • Sinjiyang (China : Autonomous region)
    • SUAR (China)
    • SUAR KNP (China)
    • Doğu Türkistan (China)
    • Sinʹt︠s︡zi︠a︡n-Uĭgurii︠a︡ (China)
    • Vostochnyĭ Turkestan (China)
    • Dzhungarii︠a︡ (China)
    • Kashgarii︠a︡ (China)
    • 東突厥斯坦 (China)
    • Dong Tujuesitan (China)
    • East Turkistan (China)
    • Eastern Turkistan (China)
    • Uyghurstan (China)
    • Uyghuristan (China)
    • Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (China)
    • Uĭgurii︠a︡
    • Уйгурия
    • Kashkarii︠a︡
    • Кашгария
    • I︠a︡rkendskoe gosudarstvo Saidii︠a︡
    • Яркендское государство Саидия
    • I︠a︡rkend state of Saidi︠a︡
    • Malai︠a︡ Bukharii︠a︡
    • Малая Бухария
    • Small Bukharii︠a︡,
    • Altyshar
    • Алтышар
    • Ĭettishar
    • Йеттишар
    • Dzhungarii︠a︡
    • Джунгария
    • Vostochnyĭ Turkestan
    • Восточный Туркестан
    • Eastern Turkestan
    • Vostochno-Turkestanskai︠a︡ Respublika
    • Восточно-Туркестанская Республика
    • Eastern-Turkestan Republic
    • Sinʹt︠s︡zi︠a︡n-Uĭgur Avtonomnyĭ Raiʹon (China)
    • Синьцзян-Уйгур Автономный Район (China)
    • Sinʹt︠s︡zi︠a︡n-Uĭgur Autonomous Region
  • Additional Information

    • Descriptor

        (aat) Autonomous regions
    • Associated Locale

        (naf) China
  • Exact Matching Concepts from Other Schemes

  • Closely Matching Concepts from Other Schemes

  • Earlier Established Forms

  • Sources

    • found: Jen min chʻu pan shê, Peking. Hsin-chiang ... 1956.
    • found: Kuan, W. L. Kung fei hsing cheng chʻü hua,p. 234 (Sinkiang Province changed to Sinkiang Uighur Autonomous Region in 1955)
    • found: Hsin-chiang pei Tʻien-shan ... 1985:cover (Hsin-chiang Wei-wu-erh tzu chih chʻü) cover p. 4 (Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region)
    • found: Hoppe, T. Xinjiang-Arbeitsbibliographie II, 1987:t.p. (Automones Gebiet Xinjiang der Uiguren, China; Xinjiang Uigur Autonomous Region, China)
    • found: Macartney, C. An English lady in Chinese Turkestan, 1985:p. xii (East Turkestan)
    • found: The Flora records of main forage grass crops in Xinjiang, 1991- :v. 1, t.p. (Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region) added t.p. (Sinʹt︠s︡zi︠a︡nskogo uĭgurskogo avtonomnogo raĭona)
    • found: Raḥmatī, R.A.A. al-Tahjīr al-Ṣīnī fī Turkistān al-Sharqīyah, 1989:t.p. (Turkistān al-Sharqīyah)
    • found: Sinkīang læ Kānsū, 1990:t.p. (Xinjiang)
    • found: Hsin-chiang Wei-wu-erh tzu chih chʻü 1990 nien jen kʻou pʻu chʻa tzu liao, 1992:t.p. (Xin Jiang Uygur Autonomous Region [in rom.])
    • found: Vocal music of the Uighurs, p1991:container (Sinkiang Uigur Autonomous Region; Sinkiang Uighur Autonomous Region; Shinkyō Uiguru Jichiku)
    • found: The mummies of Ürümchi, 1999:CIP galley (Uyghur Autonomous Region, the westernmost province administered by China, north of Tibet and southwest of Mongolia)
    • found: GEOnet, May 24, 1999(Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu--ADM1, 42°00ʹN 86°00ʹE, variants: Hsin-chiang, Hsin-chiang wei-wu-erh tzu-chih-chʻü, Sinkiang Uighur Autonomous Region, Sinkiang Uigur Autonomous chʻü, Xinjiang, Uygur Autonomous Region of)
    • found: Xinjiang hui huang 50 nian, 1949-1999:t.p. (Xinjiang weiwuer zizhiqu ren min zheng fu)
    • found: Sinʹt︠s︡zi︠a︡n-uĭgurskiĭ vopros i ego razvitie, 2001:t.p. verso (Sinʹt︠s︡zi︠a︡n-uĭgurskogo avtonomnogo raĭona)
    • found: Oyirad-un odo u̇y-e-yin iraġu nayiraġ-un songġuburi, 1995:t.p. verso (Sinjiyang)
    • found: Tarikhy talqygha toly Shyn︠g︡zhan︠g︡, 2003.
    • found: Galiev, V. V. Kazakhstan v sisteme rossiĭsko-kitaĭskikh torgovo-ėkonomicheskikh otnosheniĭ v Sinʹt︠s︡zi︠a︡ne, 2003.
    • found: Doğu Türkistan Milli İstiklâl Hareketi ve Mehmet Emin Buğra, 2005:t.p. (Doğu Türkistan)
    • found: Po sledam predkov, 2005:verso t.p. ("St. uchastnikov ėkspedit︠s︡ii po Indii, Nepalu, Tibetu i Sinʹt︠s︡zi︠a︡n-Uĭgurii")
    • found: GEOnet, Nov. 16, 2009(Xinjiang [short form] Uygur Zizhiqu--ADM1, 42°34ʹ09ʺN 85°27ʹ22ʺE, variants: Hsin-chiang; Hsin-chiang-wei-wu-erh Tzu-chih-chʻü; Sinkiang; Sinkiang Uighur Autonomous Region; Sinkiang Uigur Autonomous Chʻü; Xinjiang; Xinjiang, Uygur Autonomous Region of; Xinjiang Weiwu'er Zizhiqu)
    • found: Bitva za Belovodʹe, 2016:page 4 (Sinʹt︠s︡zi︠a︡n-Uĭgurskiĭ raĭon KNR, also known as Vostochnyĭ Turkestan, Kitaĭskiĭ Turkestan, Dzhungarii︠a︡, Kashgarii︠a︡; region in the North-Western part of China)
    • found: East Turkistan to the twelfth century, 1964.
    • found: Tangritagh, Hür. Dong Tujuesitan, 2016:title page (東突厥斯坦 = Dong Tujuesitan; East Turkistan)
    • found: Wikipedia, February 20, 2019(East Turkestan, also known as Eastern Turkistan, Uyghurstan, Uyghuristan is a political term with multiple meanings depending on context and usage; Historically, the term was invented by Russian Turkologists like Nikita Bichurin in the 19th century to replace another Western term, Chinese Turkestan, which referred to the Tarim Basin in the southwestern part of Xinjiang province of the Qing dynasty. The medieval Persian toponym "Turkestan" and its derivatives were not used by the local population of the greater region and China had its own name for an overlapping area since the Han dynasty as the Western Regions, with the parts controlled by China termed Xinjiang from the 18th century onward. The historical Uyghur name for the Tarim Basin is Altishahr, which means "Six Cities" in Uyghur. Starting in the 20th century, Uyghur separatists and their supporters used East Turkestan (or "Uyghurstan") as an appellation for the whole of Xinjiang, or for a future independent state in present-day Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (presumably with Ürümqi as its capital). They reject the name of Xinjiang (meaning "New Frontier" in Chinese) because of the Chinese perspective reflected in the name, and prefer East Turkestan to emphasize connection to other westerly Turkic groups; East Turkestan is a founding member state of the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO), which was formed in 1991)
    • found: Uĭgurii︠a︡ : zagadochnai︠a︡, dalekai︠a︡ i blizkai︠a︡, 2012: title page (Уйгурия = Uĭgurii︠a︡) pages 3-8 (... history and culture of Western land or Eastern Turkestan (Uĭguria), though not everyone will agree with this term. The state of Uĭgurii︠a︡ islocated on a Great Silk Road connecting East and West, North and South. This magic country carries a lot of names: Кашгария = Kashkarii︠a︡; Яркендское государство Саидия = I︠a︡rkendskoe gosudarstvo Saidii︠a︡= I︠a︡rkend state of Saidi︠a︡, Малая Бухария = Malai︠a︡ Bukharii︠a︡ = Small Bukharii︠a︡, Алтышар = Altyshar, Йеттишар = Ĭettishar , Джунгария = Dzhungarii︠a︡, Восточный Туркестан = Vostochnyĭ Turkestan - Eastern Turkestan. Since the middle of the 20th century the country started to be called Синьцзян-Уйгур = Sinʹt︠s︡zi︠a︡n-Uĭgur autonomous region with the capital city Urumchi. A first Western explorer who left the notes about several kingdoms of Uĭgurii︠a︡ was Marco Polo (1254-1323). He wrote about the following cities-states: Кашкар = Kashkar; Яркенд = I︠a︡rkend, Хотан = Khotan, Черчен = Cherchen, Лоб =Lob, Кумул = Kumul. From mid 19th century Uĭgurii︠a︡ became a research object for a number of prominent western, Russian and Eastern scholas and explorers: Ch. Valikhanov studying Kashkar and Illĭ region; M.S. Przhevalʹskiĭ who described a lake of Lobnor. The most prominent scholar who did an extensive research on Eastern Turkistan (Uĭgurii︠a) is Aurel Stein (Stein, Aurel, Sir, 1862-1943 n 82045000). He was British of Hungarian origin. At the beginning of 20h century he had long expeditions throughout all ancient cities of Uĭgurii︠a. As a result hebrought back more than 100 boxes containing manuscripts, artifacts, Buddhist murals. They became the possessions of the British Museum and Indian government) page 8 ( In the middle of 20th century an independent state Восточно-Туркестанская Республика = Vostochno-Turkestanskai︠a︡ Respublika - Eastern-Turkestan Republic, but because the government of this young state dies in the air crash, in 1949 the country was occupied by a Communist China. And for long years Eastern Turkistan (Uĭgurii︠a) would be closed for external world. Now it is marked on the map as Синьцзян-Уйгур Автономный Район= Sinʹt︠s︡zi︠a︡n-Uĭgur Avtonomnyĭ Raiʹon = Sinʹt︠s︡zi︠a︡n-Uĭgur Autonomous Region. Population of 22 million includes 45,6% (8.825000) Uĭgurs, and 8 million of Chinese.) page 9 (in 1994 by the time of formation of therepublic of Eastern Turkestan, the population included 4.5 million of Uĭgurs and only 300.000 Chinese (Khanʹts). Such a drastic increase of the population of Khanʹtss in Uĭgurii︠a︡ happenned because of the mass placement from inner China).
  • Editorial Notes

    • [Old catalog heading: Hsin-chiang Wei-wu-erh tzu chih chʻü]
    • [Non-Latin script references not evaluated.]
  • Change Notes

    • 1981-03-24: new
    • 2019-12-07: revised
  • Alternate Formats