The Library of Congress > Linked Data Service > LC Name Authority File (LCNAF)

Swift & Company


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  • Instance Of

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  • Variants

    • Swift & Co.
    • Swift and Company
    • Swift & Company (Chicago, Ill.)
  • Additional Information

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  • Earlier Established Forms

    • Swift & Company (Chicago, Ill.)
  • Sources

    • found: Soap talk, July 30, 1906, surrogate:t.p. (Swift & Company)
    • found: Britannica online, viewed April 14, 2021(Gustavus Swift (Gustavus Franklin Swift), American businessman, 1839-1903; founder of the meatpacking firm Swift & Company and promoter of the railway refrigerator car for shipping meat; opened butcher shop in Eastham, Massachusetts; became partner, as cattle buyer, of James A. Hathaway, a Boston meat dealer, in 1872, in 1875 he transferred his headquarters to Chicago; hired an engineer to design a refrigerator car; in 1877 he shipped the first refrigerator carload of fresh meat to the East; soon afterward he left Hathaway, formed partnership with his brother, and in 1885 incorporated the firm Swift & Company, with himself as first president; in 1902, with J.O. Armour and Edward Morris, he formed the National Packing Company, the "Beef Trust", subsequently dissolved by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1905)
    • found: U.S. Cong. Senate. Comm. on the Judiciary. Concentration in agriculture and an examination of the JBS/Swift acquisitions, hearing ... 2008:t.p. (JBS/Swift) p. 40 (JBS Swift)
    • found: Nexis, Nov. 13, 2008(JBS Swift & Company; a subsidiary of Brazilian beef giant JBS; in 2007, Swift's owners accepted the purchase offer of JBS, Brazil's leading beef company ... the acquisition made newly named JBS Swift the largest beef company in the world)
    • found: Encyclopedia of Chicago (website), ©2005, Swift & Co., viewed April 14, 2021(Gustavus F. Swift started to work in the beef business in Massachusetts as a teenager in the 1850s; in 1875 he began buying cattle in Chicago to send to his family's butcher operations back East; by 1886, when the company slaughtered more than 400,000 a year, Swift employed about 1,600 people; between 1887 and 1892, new packing plants were opened in Kansas City, Omaha, and St. Louis; by 1908, Swift plants across the country slaughtered about 8 million animals, and owned a fleet of nearly 5,000 refrigerated railcars; Swift stopped slaughtering in Chicago in 1953, but its corporate headquarters remained there; in 1973, by which time meat had become only one of its businesses, Swift became part of Esmark Inc., a holding company; during the 1980s, Esmark's meat division was spun off and moved to Texas; Swift no longer has a presence in Chicago; from the early 1990s through the early 2000s, Conagra owned Swift's operations, with Swift & Co.'s divisional headquartered located in Greeley, Colorado)
  • Change Notes

    • 1984-05-25: new
    • 2021-04-16: revised
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