The Library of Congress > Linked Data Service > LC Name Authority File (LCNAF)

Morelly


  • URI(s)

  • Instance Of

  • Scheme Membership(s)

  • Collection Membership(s)

  • Fuller Name

    • Étienne-Gabriel
  • Variants

    • Morelly, M.
    • Morelly, Étienne-Gabriel
    • Morelly, Estienne-Gabriel
    • M******, Mr.
    • Морелли
    • מוראלי
  • Additional Information

  • Exact Matching Concepts from Other Schemes

  • Closely Matching Concepts from Other Schemes

  • Sources

    • found: Essai sur l'esprit humain, 1743:t.p. (M. Morelly)
    • found: Physique de la beauté, ou Pouvoir naturel de ses charmes, 1748, via Gallica, Dec. 12, 2013:preliminary page 4 (dedication signed: Morelly)
    • found: Naufrage des isles flottante, 1753, via HathiTrust, Dec. 12, 2013:title page (traduit ... par Mr. M******)
    • found: Lettres de Louis XIV, aux princes de l'Europe, 1755, via MDZ, Dec. 12, 2013:title page (avec des remarques historiques par Mr. Morelly)
    • found: Code de la nature, 1760(name not given)
    • found: Barbier, A.A. Dict. des ouvrages anonymes et pseudonymes, 2nd ed., 1822, via HathiTrust, Dec. 12, 2013:v. 1, pages 183-184, no. 2415 (Code de la nature, 1755 [original edition] is "par Morelly"; falsely attributed to Diderot; Morelly is further identified as "précepteur à Vitry-le-François," lists works by him published 1743-1755; La France littéraire in 1769 falsely alleged that there were 2 authors named Morelly, father and son; Morelly is "le véritable et seul auteur" of Code de la nature)
    • found: Barbier, A.A. Dict. des ouvrages anonymes, 3rd ed., 1872, via HathiTrust, Dec. 12, 2013:v. 1, col. 623 (Code de la nature is "par Morelly"; falsely attributed to Diderot)
    • found: Code de la nature, édition critique [par] Stéphanie Roza, c2011:title page (Étienne-Gabriel Morelly) back cover (Étienne-Gabriel Morelly seems to have been born around 1715 and seems to have passed part of his youth in Vitry-le-François, where he seems to have been employed as a schoolmaster or a tutor; 6 works by him are known) page 9 (Code de la nature now generally attributed to "un certain Étienne-Gabriel Morelly," but to this day specialists have not succeeded in establishing certainty about either his life or his intellectual development)
    • found: Œuvres philosophiques, 2004:t.p. (Étienne-Gabriel Morelly) p. 4 of cover (Morelly; unknown to his contemporaries and has remained so to posterity; full name seems to have been Étienne-Gabriel Morelly; seems to have been born approximately 1717 or 1718, Paris; author of 4 philosophical works that were published between 1743 and 1755)
    • found: Biographie universelle(Morelly (.....), wrongly (in La France littéraire, 1769) said to have been born in Vitry-le-François; son of a "régent" of that city; published 1743-1755)
    • found: Nouvelle biographie générale(Morelly, political author and socialist, lived in the 18th century).
    • found: Cioranescu, A. 18. s.(Morelly, "précepteur à Vitry-le-François"; usage: M. Morelly; M. M***; M. M******; M. M****: Morelly)
    • found: Bib. nat.(Morelly; no forename)
    • found: BnF authorities, Dec. 12, 2013:FRBNF12136323 (Morelly, Étienne Gabriel (1717?-17..), "Philosophe. - Précepteur à Vitry-le-François") FRBNF12432435 (Morelly, M... (1717?-1778?); "précepteur et philosophe français")
    • found: VIAF, Dec. 12, 2013:VIAF ID 120700248 (Morelly, M.: National Library of Israel, LC/NACO; Morelly: Vatican Library, RERO (Switzerland); Morelly, Étienne Gabriel, 1717-1778: National Library of the Czech Republic, Deutsche Nationalbibliothek; Morelly, Étienne Gabriel, 1717?-17..: Bibliothèque nationale de France; Morelly, Étienne-Gabriel, ca 1717-ca 1778: National Library of Sweden; Morelly, Étienne Gabriel: National Library of Latvia; Morelly, Étienne-Gabriel, ca.1717-: National Library of the Netherlands) VIAF ID 101863067 (Morelly (ca 1700-ca 1800): NUKAT) VIAF ID 256261054 (Morelly: National Diet Library, Japan) VIAF ID 267455404 (Morelly: National Library of Australia) VIAF ID 302467747 (Morelly: National Library of Poland) VIAF ID 194800735 (Morelly, Étienne-Gabriel, 1718?-17..: Sudoc, France)
    • found: LC data base, 2-24-88(hdg.: Morelly)
    • found: Wikipedia, Dec. 12, 2013 [article is flagged for possibly containing original research without verification](Étienne-Gabriel Morelly (1717-?), "a French utopian thinker and novelist"; "often identified as an obscure tutor about which almost nothing is known except that he lived in ... Vitry-le-Francois. Recent research, however, points to the possibility that Morelly never actually existed but was, rather, a pseudonym. No records of his birth or death exist and no record exists of anyone mentioning that they had met such a man in the eighteenth century. Some have proposed that François-Vincent Toussaint was the true author of the works attributed to Morelly while others believe that Denis Diderot was the true author")
    • found: French Wikipedia, Dec. 12, 2013(Étienne-Gabriel Morelly, born approximately 1717 at Vitry-le-François; death date unknown, probably 1782; uncertainty about his real identity; sometimes thought to be alternative identity of Denis Diderot; Code de la nature formerly often attributed to Diderot ; seems to have been the first to develop a philosophy of socialism or communism; advocated abolishing private property)
    • found: Encyclopedia of Marxism, on Marxists Internet Archive Web site, Dec. 12, 2013 ("Morelly. Utopian communist. Little is known of Morelly. He was a tutor and lived in the town of Vitry-le-François ... His first name, the dates of his birth and death, where he was born, and other biographical details, are not known") - http://www.marxists.org/glossary/people/m/o.htm#morelly
    • found: Dictionnaire des utopies, c2007(Morelly (Étienne-Gabriel), 1717-?; little is known of him; 7 works published between 1743 and 1755 are attributed to him; after 1755, all traces of him are lost)
    • found: Wagner, N. Morelly, le méconnu des Lumières, 1978:pages 16-64 ("Première partie: l'homme": from study of available documents, Wagner does not establish an identification of the author Morelly with any documented person by that name; birthplace and life years are not established; concludes that he was probably not born in Vitry-le-François but had connections there; that he probably lived in or near Paris; and that the works signed by or ascribed to Morelly may in fact be by two persons) page 23 (a person named "Estienne Gabriel Morelly" who could not sign his name is recorded as having served as godfather in a 1724 baptismal record of Notre-Dame parish in Vitry-le-François)
    • found: Antonetti, Guy. "Étienne-Gabriel Morelly: l'homme et sa famille," in Revue d'histoire littéraire de la France, May-June 1983, pages 390-402, via JSTOR, Dec. 12, 2013(building on the work of N. Wagner, Antonetti concludes from further study of documents that the author Morelly is Étienne-Gabriel Morelly, born approximately 1717-1718, probably in Paris; his father Gabriel Morelly was subsequently an employee of the Fermes du Roi at Vitry-le-François, where Étienne-Gabriel spent his youth, serving as godfather to a younger sister in 1724; still living there when he signed the record of his mother's death in 1743 (his only known signature), but not when his father died in 1764)
    • found: Taieb, Paulette. "Morelly," 1999 (revised 2003), viewed online, Dec. 12, 2013(lists works with their contemporary attributions in La France littéraire, 1756 and 1769: "Morelly, régent à Vitry-le-François"; "Morelly, né à Vitry-le-François"; "Morelly, fils du précédent"; Code de la nature attributed to Diderot in La France littéraire, 1756, and in contemporary opinion to Toussaint or La Beaumelle; the Amsterdam publisher Rey included Code de la nature in a 1773 edition of Diderot's works, although the attribution had been refuted by Grimm in 1757) - http://www.taieb.net/auteurs/Morelly/notice.html
    • found: OCLC, Dec. 12, 2013(access points: Morelly; Morelly, M.; Morelly, M..., 1717?-1778?; Morelly, Étienne-Gabriel; Morelly, Étienne Gabriel, 1717?-17.; Morelly, Étienne-Gabriel (1718?-17..); Morelly, Étienne-Gabriel, ca 1717-ca 1778; Morelly, Etienne-Gabriel, Philosoph, Frankreich, 1715-; Morelly, abbé; Morelly, avocat; usage as author: M. Morelly (1743, 1745, 1755, 1756); Mr. M******. (1751, 1753); Mr. Morelly (1755); Morelly (1748 and 1840-1997); Étienne-Gabriel Morelly (2004, 2011); usage as subject: Morelly)
  • Editorial Notes

    • [Machine-derived non-Latin script reference project.]
    • [Non-Latin script references not evaluated.]
  • Change Notes

    • 1986-02-27: new
    • 2014-01-02: revised
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