The Library of Congress > Linked Data Service > LC Name Authority File (LCNAF)

Llwyd, Humphrey, 1527-1568


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    • Lhvyd, Humfredus, 1527-1568
    • Lhuyd, Humfredus, 1527-1568
    • Lhoyd, H. (Humphrey), 1527-1568
    • Lhuyd, Humfrey, 1527-1568
    • Lhuyd, Humphrey, 1527-1568
    • Lloyd, Humphrey, 1527-1568
    • Lloid, Humfrey, 1527-1568
    • Lhuyd, Humphry, 1527-1568
    • Lhuyd, Humfred, 1527-1568
    • Floyd, Humfrey, 1527-1568
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  • Sources

    • found: His De Mona drvidvm insvla, 1595:t.p. (Humfredi Lhvyd...) p. 4 (Humfredus Lhuyd, Denbighiensis Cambrobritannus)
    • found: NUC pre-56(hdg: Llwyd, Humphrey, 1527-1568)
    • found: DNB(Llwyd, Humphrey; b. 1527, d. 31 Aug. 1568)
    • found: The historie of Cambria, now called Wales, 1584:t.p. (H. Lhoyd, Gentleman)
    • found: Llwyd, Humphrey. A breuiary of Britayne, 1573:t.p. (Humfrey Lhuyd)
    • found: Cambriae typus, between 1570 and 1612?:map recto (Humfredo Lhuydo Denbigiense Cambrobritanno [nominative: Humfredus Lhuyd])
    • found: Parry, John H. The Cambrian plutarch, 1824:page 299 (Humphrey Llwyd was born around the year 1527, at Denbigh, in North Wales) page 304 (d. in 1568 "at his native place" [Denbigh])
    • found: VIAF, 26 August 2019(authorized access points in VIAF cluster: Llwyd, Humphrey, 1527-1568, Lluyd, Humphrey, 1527-1568, Humphrey Llwyd Welsh cartographer, author, antiquary and Member of Parliament (Wikidata); VIAF ID: 37220652 (Personal)) - http://viaf.org/viaf/37220652
    • found: Oxford dictionary of national biography online, 26 August 2019(Llwyd, Humphrey (1527-1568); antiquary and map maker, born in Denbigh; Oxford BA 1547-8, MA from Brasenose College 1551; 1553, he entered service of Henry Fitzalan, 12th earl of Arundel, remaining member of his household for rest of life (one tradition maintained that Llwyd was physician to Arundel: now disputed); brother-in-law of John, last Lord Lumley; probably through the earl's influence, represented East Grinstead in Elizabeth's 1st parliament, 1559; by 1563, probably living most of time in Denbigh, sat for the Denbigh boroughs 1563-1567; 1563, elected a borough alderman of Denbigh; 1566-1567, travelled in Italy, Augsburg, Antwerp, Brussels; in Antwerp, introduced to Abraham Ortelius, the map maker, who invited him to assist in examining old place names and who sought Llwyd's advice on map of Britain; respect for Welsh literary traditions, humanist thinking, antiquarian interests; possessor of impressive library of broad interest, representing most up-to-date and best continental scholarship; together with collections of Arundel and Lumley, later bought by James I for his son Henry, formed basis of Royal Collection now in British Library; translated into English and amplified Cronica Walliae a Rege Cadwalader ad annum 1294 (Brut y tywysogyon, medieval Welsh historical source) from manuscript and printed sources, together with oral traditions and Llwyd's own glosses (manuscript completed 17 July 1559, published posthumously 1584 with further editing by David Powel of Ruabon); Llwyd's own works: De Mona druidum insula ... epistola, letter sent by Llwyd to Ortelius dated 5 April 1568, published by Ortelius in his atlas Theatrum orbis terrarum (1570); Commentarioli Britannicae descriptionis fragmentum, short historical and geographical description of Britain, sent to Ortelius 3 August 1568, published in Cologne 1572, translated by Thomas Twyne under title The Breviary of Britayne (1573); central themes of Llwyd's work: defence of Geoffrey of Monmouth (particularly countering attacks of Polydore Vergil), belief in integrity of early British church; maps: Cambriae typus, map of Wales sent to Ortelius, printed as supplement to Theatrum orbis terrarum 1573 edition, map of England and Wales published by Ortelius in Additamentum of 1573; left 2 works in Welsh, including treatise on heraldry; died 21 August 1568, buried in north aisle of Llanfarchell, Denbigh's old parish church; epitaph of "Humfrey Lloid Mr of arte")
    • found: The history of Parliament, viewed online 26 August 2019:House of Commons: 1558-1603 (Lloyd (Lhuyd), Humphrey (1527-68), of Foxhall, Henllan, Denb. and of Denbigh; constituencies: East Grinstead, 1559, Denbigh Boroughs, 1563; offices held: physician and librarian to Henry, 12th Earl of Arundel 1553; Lloyd, or Lhuyd (as he preferred to write the name); illegitimate son of Robert Lloyd of Foxhall by Joan, daughter of Lewis Pigott of Denbigh; studied medicine at Oxford after arts course; 1552-1553, wrote (or translated) some medical treatises for Henry, Lord Stafford, which brought him to notice of 12th Earl of Arundel, in whose service remained for rest of life and through whom Lloyd obtained parliamentary seat at East Grinstead 1559; brother-in-law John Lord Lumley; shared Lumley's interest in medicine, astronomy and music; study of Welsh antiquities became increasing preoccupation; in 1566-1568, attended Arundel on continental tour, visiting Italy, Germany, Netherlands, making acquaintance of Dutch geographer Ortelius; prepared for Ortelius map of Wales with description to accompany it, separate treatise on Anglesey and the Druids; died at Denbigh 31 Aug. 1568; buried at Eglwys Wen (Whitchurch) just outside the town; had reputation of being one of the best antiquaries of this kingdom) - https://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1558-1603/member/lloyd-(lhuyd)-humphrey-)-1527-68
    • found: Studies in philology, Oct. 1968:Moore, William H. Sources of Drayton's conceptions of "Poly-Olbion": page 789 (Humphrey Lhuyd (or Llwyd); Humfrey Floyd; Welsh scholar; emphasized Wales in his works; works included translation of early history and description of island of Anglesey, De Mona Druidum Insula (1568); most important work, The breviary of Britaine (title of 1573 English translation; Latin original Cologne, 1572, as Commentarioli Britanniae descriptionis fragmentum): discussion of Wales is as long as those of England and Scotland combined; upholds glory of Welsh-British race and authenticity of its Trojan descent)
    • found: Koeman, C. The history of Abraham Ortelius and his Theatrum orbis terrarum, 1964:page 35 (Welsh amateur historian Humfred Lhuyd; friend of Ortelius, who included De Mona Druidum in Theatrum orbis terrarum to honour his memory; note of Ortelius on letter from Lhuyd that he died August 31st 1568)
    • found: The quarterly journal of the Library of Congress, October 1970, viewed online 13 August 2019:Ristow, Walter W. Theatrum orbis terrarum, 1570-1970: page 325 (Welsh historian and cartographer Humphry Lhuyd)
    • found: Wikidata, 26 August 2019(Humphrey Llwyd (Q5941507); also known as Humphrey Lloyd, Humphrey Lhuyd; description: Welsh cartographer, author, antiquary and Member of Parliament; sex or gender: male; country of citizenship: Wales; date of birth: 1527; place of birth: Denbigh; date of death: 31 August 1568; place of death: Wales; image of grave in Eglwys Wen, St Marcella's Church, Denbigh - Dinbych; occupation: cartographer, politician; position held: Member of Parliament in the Parliament of England, 1559 (East Grinstead) and 1563-67 (Denbigh Boroughs); educated at: Brasenose College; archives at National Library of Wales) - http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q5941507
  • Change Notes

    • 1987-08-12: new
    • 2022-07-20: revised
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