The Library of Congress > Linked Data Service > LC Name Authority File (LCNAF)


  • URI(s)

  • Instance Of

  • Scheme Membership(s)

  • Collection Membership(s)

  • Variants

    • Accad
    • Akkadian Empire
  • Additional Information

    • Descriptor

        (aat) Empires (sovereign states)
    • Descriptor

        (aat) Former primary political entities
    • Associated Locale

  • Later Established Forms

  • Exact Matching Concepts from Other Schemes

  • Closely Matching Concepts from Other Schemes

  • Sources

    • found: Merriam-Webster's geographical dictionary, 1997(Akkad or Accad. 1. The N division of ancient Babylonia. From about 4th millennium B.C., inhabited by a leading Semitic people called the Akkadians; after a period of Sumerian rule under kings Sargon and Naram-Sin, developed empire which included Sumer, Elam, the upper Tigris, and N Syria to the Mediterranean 24th-23rd cents. B.C.)
    • found: The Columbia gazetteer of the world, 1998(Akkad, anc. region of Mesopotamia, occupying the N part of later Babylonia, in the central part of modern Iraq. The S part was Sumer. In both regions city-states had begun to appear in the 4th millennium B.C. A Semitic language, Akkadian, was spoken. Akkad flourished after Sargon began (c.2340 B.C.) to spread wide his conquests, which ranged from his capital, Agade, also known as Akkad, to the Mediterranean shores. He united city-states into a vast organized empire. Furthermore, he was overlord of all the petty states of Sumer and Akkad, as were his successors ... After more than a cent. the empire declined and was overrun by mt. tribes. When the Akkadian empire had fallen, Mesopotamia was in chaos. ... The name Akkad also appears as Accad.)
    • found: Encyclopædia Britannica online, June 14, 2019(Akkad, ancient region in what is now central Iraq. Akkad was the northern (or northwestern) division of ancient Babylonian civilization. The region was located roughly in the area where the Tigris and Euphrates rivers (see Tigris-Euphrates river system) are closest to each other, and its northern limit extended beyond the line of the modern cities of Al-Fallūjah and Baghdad. The early inhabitants of this region were predominantly Semitic, and their speech is called Akkadian. To the south of the region of Akkad lay Sumer, the southern (or southeastern) division of ancient Babylonia, which was inhabited by a non-Semitic people known as Sumerians. The name of Akkad was taken from the city of Agade, which was founded by the Semitic conqueror Sargon in about 2300 BCE. Sargon united the various city-states in the region and extended his rule to encompass much of Mesopotamia. After the fall of Sargon's dynasty in about 2150 BCE, the central Iraq region was ruled by a state jointly composed of Sumerians and Akkadians.)
    • found: Wikipedia, June 14, 2019:Akkadian Empire (The Akkadian Empire was the first ancient empire of Mesopotamia, centered in the city of Akkadand its surrounding region, which the Bible also called Akkad. The empire united Akkadian and Sumerian speakers under one rule; The Akkadian Empire reached its political peak between the 24th and 22nd centuries BC, following the conquests by its founder Sargon of Akkad; Akkad is sometimes regarded as the first empire in history, though the meaning of this term is not precise, and there are earlier Sumerian claimants. After the fall of the Akkadian Empire, the people of Mesopotamia eventually coalesced into two major Akkadian-speaking nations: Assyria in the north, and, a few centuries later, Babylonia in the south)
  • Editorial Notes

    • [SUBJECT USAGE: As a geographic subdivision, this heading is used indirectly through Iraq.]
  • Change Notes

    • 2019-06-14: new
    • 2019-06-15: revised
  • Alternate Formats