The Library of Congress > Linked Data Service > LC Name Authority File (LCNAF)

Twyne, Brian, 1581-1644


  • URI(s)

  • Variants

    • Twyne, Brian, 1575 or 1576-1644
    • Twine, Brian, 1581-1644
    • Twyne, Brian, 1575 or 6-1644
    • Twynus, Brianus, 1581-1644
    • Twyne, Brianus, 1581-1644
  • Identifies LC/NAF RWO

  • Identifies RWO

      • Additional Related Forms

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      • Earlier Established Forms

        • Twyne, Brian, 1575 or 1576-1644
        • Twyne, Brian, 1575 or 6-1644
      • Sources

        • found: Twyne, Brian. Antiquitatis Academiæ Oxoniensis apologia, 1608:title page (Briano Twyno in Facultate Artium Magistro, & Collegij Corporis Christi in eâdem Academia socio) 1st sequence, page 3, leaf [par.]2 recto (in dedication: Brianus Twyne, S.P.D.) 1st sequence, page 6, leaf [par.]3 verso (Brianus Twynus)
        • found: DNB(Twyne, Brian, 1579?-1644; Oxford antiquary)
        • found: Alumni Oxon.:ser. 1 (Twyne, Brian (Twine); scholar Corpus Christi 1594 age 18; BA 1599; MA 1603; BD 1610; d. 1644)
        • found: Oxford Dictionary of National Biography online, October 25, 2013(Twyne, Brian (1581-1644), antiquary, was born at Southwark, Surrey, on or about 25 July 1581; made his will on 4 July 1644 and died at his lodgings [in Oxford] the same day; he was buried in Corpus Christi College chapel)
        • found: Oxford dictionary of national biography online, 7 May 2019(Twyne, Brian (1581-1644), antiquary; elected a scholar of Corpus Christi College, Oxford, 13 December 1594, matriculating about 6 February 1596; pursued wide range of studies, including Hebrew, French, Italian, natural philosophy, mathematical sciences; graduated BA 23 July 1599, MA 9 July 1603; after ordination as priest 20 December 1607, his fellowship of Corpus Christi College was confirmed; patron [Thomas Sackville, 1st Earl of] Dorset died April 1608; Twyne's only significant publication, Antiquitatis Academiae Oxoniensis apologia, appeared in 1608 (dedicated to Robert Sackville, 2nd earl of Dorset), first printed history of the university; sought to prove, against John Caius, that Oxford was older than Cambridge; some attributed it to Thomas Allen and Miles Windsor; BD on 25 June 1610; a reader of manuscripts at Bodleian, in 1613 contributed verse to volume commemorating Sir Thomas Bodley; inducted 15 March 1614 (by presentation of Richard Sackville, 3rd earl of Dorset) to vicarage of Rye, Sussex, but remained in Oxford almost all life; December 1614, was made Greek lecturer at Corpus; focus on antiquarian learning; resigned his fellowship (1623?), took up lodgings in Pennyfarthing Street, St Aldate's, which occupied for rest of life; 1627-1628, co-ordinated reorganization of the college archives for safeguarding of property, which produced 30-volume cartulary of title deeds; from 1629, the most active member of delegation set up to reorder university's statutes, producing inventory of the archives (1631); remained largely responsible for arranging code that stood for over 2 centuries; 11 August 1634, received the new office of keeper of the archives; defence of academic property and privilege: sought royal confirmation of university's privileges, with enlargements to match those of Cambridge, and to counter claims by city of Oxford; by late August 1635, obtained royal consent for new charter, brought to Oxford March 1636; in subsequent years, advised chancellor and successive vice-chancellors on numerous disputes with city; remained in Oxford after outbreak of civil war; bequests included about 350 volumes containing 750 works, including 20 incunables, to his college, together with manuscripts; to university, through Bodleian Library, left books and papers about its affairs (most printed books probably disappeared later); fame rests mainly on his manuscript collections, assembled by indefatigable archival research in Oxford, London, and elsewhere; John Selden, William Camden, and Archbishop Ussher esteemed Twyne's learning, consulted him; Anthony Wood used his collections extensively)
        • found: Wikipedia, 8 May 2019(Brian Twyne (c. 25 July 1581-4 July 1644); antiquary and academic at University of Oxford; his one main work a history of the university, published 1608; main accomplishment: a leading role in revision of the university statutes under William Laud (Chancellor of University of Oxford and Archbishop of Canterbury); rewarded by appointment in 1634 to the new position of Keeper of the Archives; obtained a new royal charter for Oxford to confirm its rights and privileges, and helped the university in its disputes with the city authorities)
        • found: VIAF, 8 May 2019(authorized access points in VIAF cluster: Twyne, Brian, 1581-1644, Twyne, Brian, 1580?-1644, Twyne, Brian, c. 1579-1644, Twyne, Brian, 1579-1644; VIAF ID: 69280928 (Personal)) - http://viaf.org/viaf/69280928
        • found: Wikidata, 8 May 2019(Brian Twyne (Q4965522); description: English archivist; sex or gender: male; date of birth: 25 July 1581, Julian [= 4 August 1581 Gregorian]; date of death: 4 July 1644, Gregorian; religion: Anglicanism) - http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q4965522
      • Editorial Notes

        • [Initial data provided by the ESTC/BL]
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      • Change Notes

        • 1993-03-19: new
        • 2019-05-14: revised
      • Alternate Formats