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Marianne (French emblem)

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    • found: Work cat.: 2001383756: Agulhon, M. Marianne dans la cité, 2001:p. 5, etc. (revolutionary symbol of the French Republic which replaced the fleur de lys, symbol of royal France; has its origins in a 1792 government decree mandating the image of a warrior woman to represent France on the seal of State; revived in its present form in the late 19th century)
    • found: WWW Fr. symbols site June 28, 2002(Marianne; allegorical image of a woman in phrygian cap (close-fitting conical Greek cap identified in modern art with the liberty bonnet) representing the French Republic)
    • found: Embassy of France in the U.S. web site, June 7, 2005 ("Marianne is present everywhere in France and holds a place of honor in town halls and law courts. She symbolizes the 'Triumph of the Republic,' a bronze sculpture overlooking Place de la Nation in Paris. Her profile stands out on the official seal of the country. It is engraved on coins and drawn on stamps and banknotes. Marianne is considered the most prominent depiction of the French Republic...In 2002 a new Marianne was born. She does not have the features of a famous French woman but those of an anonymous 'beurette' (young woman of North African descent), discovered by a scouting agent looking for a model who would symbolize a modern, multiethnic France. Bleu-white-red, Marianne, Liberté-Egalité-Fraternité, the Republic: these powerful symbols represent France and its values. They have now been combined in a new 'identifier' created by the French...As such, it will appear on all material...emanating from the government..."
  • Change Notes

    • 2005-04-08: new
    • 2005-07-11: revised
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