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Ancestral Pueblo culture

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  • Instance Of

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  • Variants

    • Anaasází culture
    • Anasazi culture
    • Ancestral Puebloan culture
    • Basketmaker-Pueblo culture
    • Hisatsinom culture
    • Moki culture (Ancestral Pueblo)
    • Moqui culture (Ancestral Pueblo)
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  • Sources

    • found: Work cat: McPherson, Robert S. Viewing the ancestors : perceptions of the Anaasází, Mokwič, and Hisatsinom, 2014:p. 14 (geographic area from which the material remains [of the Ancestral Pueblo] come lies between Navajo Dam (located just outside of Farmington, New Mexico) in the east to the Glen Canyon area on the west, extending as far north as Boulder, Utah. Threading through much of this area area is the San Juan River, with mountains and Colorado Plateau high-country desert covering the rest. All through this region are thousands of Anaasází sites, ranging from a simple lithic scatters to great kivas, prehistoric road systems, and community complexes. Outside of this specific area lie two important and intensely studied epicenters--Mesa Verde and Chaco Canyon) p. 15 (since the 1930s, the term "Anasazi" has been in general use. When correctly spelled, Anaasází (anaa', "war, alien, enemy" and "sází, ancestor, ancestral") is of Navajo origin and according to Robert W. Young and William Morgan means "ancestral aliens or enemies." In the nontechnical literature, one finds the term translated as "ancient enemies," "old people," "ancient ones," "alien ancestors," "ancient people," and "enemy ancestors," some of which has proven offensive to contemporary Pueblo People. Consequently, other terms have come into recent usage, such as "Ancestral Puebloan" by the National Park Service, "Hisatsinom" (Ancient Ones) by the Hopis, and "Prehistoric Puebloans" by others, each of which is correct and fulfills a particular need)
    • found: Cordell, Linda S. Archaeology of the Southwest, 2012:p. 36-37 (Southwestern archaeologists define archaeological cultural traditions ... these are the Ancestral Pueblo, Hohokam, and Mogollon (including the Mimbres). For many years archaeologists used the name Anasazi, derived from a Navajo word meaning "enemy ancestors," for this tradition, but because the term is offensive to so many people, they now use Ancestral Pueblo ... the modern Hopis and New Mexico Pueblo Indians are descendants of Ancestral Pueblo peoples) p. 355 (Index: Anasazi, see Ancestral Pueblo)
    • found: Encyclopædia Britannica online, June 2, 2014(entry: Ancestral Pueblo culture; Ancestral Pueblo culture, also called Anasazi, prehistoric Native American civilization that existed from approximately ad 100 to 1600, centering generally on the area where the boundaries of what are now the U.S. states of Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, and Utah intersect. The descendents of the Ancestral Pueblo comprise the modern Pueblo tribes, including the Hopi, Zuni, Acoma, and Laguna. As farmers, Ancestral Pueblo peoples and their nomadic neighbours were often mutually hostile; this is the source of the term Anasazi, a Navajo word meaning "ancestors of the enemy," which once served as the customary scientific name for this group)
    • found: Princeton University Ancient Pueblo Peoples website, June 2, 2014(Ancient Pueblo People or Ancestral Puebloans were an ancient Native American culture centered on the present-day Four Corners area of the United States, comprising southern Utah, northern Arizona, northwest New Mexico, and southern Colorado. They lived in "houses" called pueblos in which they lifted up ladders when enemies attacked when they came near. The cultural group has often been referred to in archaeology as the Anasazi, although the term is not preferred by the modern Puebloan peoples. The word Anasazi is Navajo for "Ancient Ones" or "Ancient Enemy")
    • found: National Park Service teacher vocabulary online, June 2, 2014(Ancestral Pueblo people: name used for Pueblo people before the coming of the Spanish in the 1500s; formerly called Anasazi)
    • found: AAT, June 2, 2014(entry: Ancestral Puebloan; definition: Refers to the style and culture of a North American civilization that existed in the "Four Corners" area, where the boundaries of the states of Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, and Utah intersect. The culture flourished from the first century CE to around 1300 CE, and descendents of this cultural group probably include the modern Pueblo Indians now living in New Mexico and Arizona. The style is noted for fine baskets, pottery, cloth, ornaments, tools, and great architectural achievements, including cliff dwellings and apartment-house-like villages, or pueblos. In some classification schemes, the modern Pueblo cultures are considered later phases of this people, though most schemes end this culture with the abandonment of the cliff dwellings around 1300 CE. ; Ancestral Puebloan (preferred,C,U,English-P,D,U,A) preferred by Native Americans, and in most common usage; variants (English): Ancestral Pueblo, Moki (Ancestral Puebloan), Moqui (Ancestral Puebloan), Basketmaker-Pueblo; Hisatsinom; Anasazi)
    • found: Communication from Curator Diana Pardue, Curator of Collection, Heard Museum, June 2, 2014(Heard Museum editorial policy, use "Ancestral Pueblo" not "Anasazi")
    • found: Google, June 3, 2014(advanced search under "Ancestral Pueblo culture" yielded 156,000 hits)
  • LC Classification

    • E99.P9
  • Change Notes

    • 2014-06-03: new
    • 2014-09-04: revised
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