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Map of the Arabian Gulf from Basra to Cape Raʼs al-Hadd
Other Titles (e.g. Variant)
Carte du Golfe Persique: depuis Bassora jusqu'au Cap Rasalgate
Arabian Gulf
Arabian Peninsula
Nautical charts
Persian Gulf
Portolan charts
Iran, Islamic Republic of
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
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Language: Content in French.
This French chart of the Arabian Gulf dating from 1775 shows the coasts of the present-day countries of Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates and the coast of northern Oman, and in the northwest, coastal parts of Kuwait, Iran, and Iraq. An inset chart shows the islands of Karak and Korgo and Bundereek Bay (present-day Kharg, Kharku, and Bandar-e Rig). The map has latitude markings, rhumb lines, and soundings near coasts, particularly in the northern, well-explored part of the Gulf. The southern part of the Gulf, including Qatar is mostly featureless and undefined as the note placed there makes clear, "toute cette côte est peu fréquentée et par conséquent peu connue" (All of this coast is little visited and therefore little known). The note below the title attributes the basis for the map to René Julien Le Floch de la Carrière (born 1730), an experienced naval officer and a learned man. It was created in the form presented here by Jean-Baptiste-Nicolas-Denis d'Après de Mannevillette (1707-80), a celebrated French navigator, cartographer, and one of the first French hydrographers, who had a long and distinguished career in the Compagnie française pour le commerces des Indes orientales (French East India Company). D'Après Mannevillette studied under the famous Guillaume de L'Isle (1678-1756), the king's geographer. Using new instruments while on a voyage to China in 1728, he was able to correct the latitudes of many places. Upon his return to France, he corrected and published existing maps of the route to China: from the Red Sea to the coasts of India, Malaya, and the northern parts of Indonesia, Indochina, and China. From 1735 he began collecting charts and material about the navigation of Africa and the Indies. He also traveled extensively for this purpose. During his many voyages, d'Après de Mannevillette collected or created a number of charts for a hydrographic atlas, which, with the assistance of the Academie des Sciences, he published in Paris in 1745 as the Le Neptune oriental (The oriental navigator) with 22 maps. For the next 30 years, with the help of his friend the eminent British hydrographer Alexander Dalrymple, d'Après de Mannevillette revised his charts for a second and enlarged edition, which appeared in 1775 and contained 41 new charts. This comprehensive atlas was used on all French and many foreign ships when navigating the Indian Ocean.
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Map of the Arabian Gulf from Basra to Cape Raʼs al-Hadd